Kanthal is a ferritic iron-chromium-aluminium alloy (FeCrAl alloy) for use at temperatures up to 1400°C (2550°F). It is used in various equipment and also in Rebuildable Ecigarette Coils used by some SubOhm tanks / Atomizers as at Kanger Subtank Mini / Kanger Subtank Plus V2. The alloy is characterized by high resistivity and very good oxidation resistance.
When Kanthal Wire is replaced on a RBA Deck you also need to replace the Organic Cotton that can be found here.
Corrosion, Rusting, and Oxidation
Resistance wire does not easily rust or oxidize, even in extreme environments. Kanthal is often chosen for its excellent oxidation resistance. It can be exposed to sulfuric compounds and not corrode quickly, making it well suited for corrosion resistance in hot states. Nichrome has similar properties but oxidizes more quickly than Kanthal in sulfur-containing atmospheres.
“Annealed” vs. “Half-Hard”
The terms “annealed” and “half-hard” refer to the temper of the metal, or the condition produced by mechanical treatment. Annealed wire can be shaped and cut easily, making it relatively flexible, soft, and bendable when pressure is applied. An annealed surface is achieved by exposing the metal to high heat and allowing it to cool slowly. Half-hard treatment refers to rolled and drawn wire.
The Maximum Operating Temperature refers to the highest temperature the wire can withstand without suffering damage. Kanthal wire can operate up to 1400°C (2550°F) safely, while Nichrome wire has a melting temperature around 1150°C (2100°F).
The more heat the wire generates, the more resistance it creates. Resistance is affected by volume, diameter, and the length of wire. The longer the wire, the higher the overall resistance. Thinner wire has higher resistance than thicker wire.
Resistance wire expands in diameter and length when exposed to high temperatures. All resistance wire has different reactions to heat and will expand different amounts. To determine the expansion of either Kanthal wire or Nichrome wire, check the specifications of the wire. The expansion rate and flexibility also depends on the diameter, or gauge, of the wire.
You can solder to resistance wire, but you will need a special flux and high temperature solder. Common electrical solder will not stick to resistance wire. An alternative would be to use crimp connectors or screw terminals in place of solder.
Typical applications for Kanthal A-1 are electrical heating elements in high-temperature furnaces for heat treatment, ceramics, glass, steel, and electronics industries and for our use as vapors we use it to rebuild the coils as stated above.
|Creep strength – 1% elongation in 1000 h|
|Temperature factor of resistivity|
|Coefficient of thermal expansion|
|Temperature °C||Thermal Expansion x 10-6/K|
|20 – 250||11|
|20 – 500||12|
|20 – 750||14|
|20 – 1000||15|
|W m-1 K-1||11||20||22||26||27||35|
|Melting point °C||1500|
|Max continuous operating temperature in air °C||1400|
|Magnetic properties||The material is magnetic up to approximately 600°C (Curie point).|
|Emissivity – fully oxidized material||0.70|